loading page

Source time functions of earthquakes based on a stochastic differential equation
  • Shiro Hirano
Shiro Hirano
Ritsumeikan University, Ritsumeikan University, Ritsumeikan University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile


Source time functions are essential observable quantities in seismology; they have been investigated via kinematic inversion analyses and compiled into databases. Given the numerous available results, some empirical laws on source time functions have been established, even though they are complicated and fluctuate along time series. Theoretically, stochastic differential equations, which include a random variable and white noise, are suitable for modeling such complicated phenomena. In this study, we model source time functions as the convolution of two stochastic processes (known as Bessel processes). We mathematically and numerically demonstrate that this convolution satisfies some of the empirical laws of source time functions, including non-negativity, finite duration, unimodality, a growth rate proportional to t³, ω⁻²-type spectra, and frequency distribution. We interpret this convolution and speculate that the stress drop rate and fault impedance follow the same Bessel process.
10 Mar 2022Published in Scientific Reports volume 12 issue 1. 10.1038/s41598-022-07873-2