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Downstream control on the stability of river bifurcations
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  • Lorenzo Durante,
  • Michele Bolla Pittaluga,
  • Gaetano Porcile,
  • Nicoletta Tambroni
Lorenzo Durante
University of Genoa

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Michele Bolla Pittaluga
University of Genova
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Gaetano Porcile
University of Genoa
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Nicoletta Tambroni
University of Genoa
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River bifurcations are prevalent features in both gravel-bed and sand-bed fluvial systems, including braiding networks, anabranches and deltas. Therefore, gaining insight into their morphological evolution is important to understand the impact they have on the adjoining environment. While previous investigations have primarily focused on the influence on bifurcation morphodynamics by upstream channels, recent research has highlighted the importance of downstream controls, like branches length or tidal forcing. In particular, in the case of rivers, current linear stability analyses for a simple bifurcation are unable to capture the stabilizing effect of branches length unless a confluence is added downstream.
In this work, we introduce a novel theoretical model that effectively accounts for the effects of downstream branch length in a single bifurcation. To substantiate our findings, a series of fully 2D numerical simulations are carried out to test different branches lengths and other potential sources of asymmetries at the node, such as different widths of the downstream channels. Results from linear stability analysis show that bifurcation stability increases as the branches length decreases. These results are confirmed by the numerical simulations, which also show that, as the branch length tends to vanish, bifurcations are invariably stable. Finally, our results interestingly show that, while in general, when a source of asymmetry is present at the node, the hydraulically favoured branch dominates, there are scenarios in which the less-favoured side becomes dominant.
01 Dec 2023Submitted to ESS Open Archive
03 Dec 2023Published in ESS Open Archive