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Regimes of precipitation change over Europe and the Mediterranean
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  • Julie Camille André,
  • Fabio D'Andrea,
  • Philippe J Drobinski,
  • Caroline Muller
Julie Camille André
Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Fabio D'Andrea
Laboratoire de Meteorologie Dynamique
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Philippe J Drobinski
French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS)
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Caroline Muller
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The Mediterranean region is experiencing pronounced aridification and in certain areas higher occurrence of intense precipitation.
In this work, we analyze the evolution of the rainfall probability distribution in terms of precipitating days (or “wet-days”) and all-days quantile trends, in Europe and the Mediterranean, using the ERA5 reanalysis.
Looking at the form of wet-days quantile trends curves, we identify four regimes.
Two are predominant: in most of Northern Europe the rainfall quantiles all intensify, while in the Mediterranean the low-medium quantiles are mostly decreasing as extremes intensify.
The wet-days distribution is then modeled by a Weibull law with two parameters, whose changes capture the four regimes.
Assessing the significance of the parameter changes over 1950–2020 shows that a signal on wet-days distribution has already emerged in Northern Europe (where the distribution shifts to more intense rainfall), but not yet in the Mediterranean, where the natural variability is stronger.
We extend the results by describing the all-days distribution change as the wet-days’, plus a contribution from the dry-days frequency change, and study their relative contribution.
In Northern Europe, the wet-days distribution change is the dominant driver, and the contribution of dry-days frequency change can be neglected for wet-days percentiles above about 50\%.
In the Mediterranean, however, the contribution to all-days change of wet-days distribution change is much smaller than the one of dry-days frequency.
Therefore, in the Mediterranean the increase of dry-days frequency is crucial for all-days trends, even when looking at heavy precipitations.
13 Nov 2023Submitted to ESS Open Archive
14 Nov 2023Published in ESS Open Archive