Sarbojeet Bhowmick

and 4 more

Key Points:Lagrangian-based HYSPLIT modelling system used to estimate volcanic ash particle trajectories.HYSPLIT simulation took place before and after the massive eruption on 15th January 2022 (termed as pre-caldera and post-caldera respectively in Section 5)Volcanic ash particle deposition and volcanic ash particle position simulated using HYSPLIT for the HTHH submarine volcano massive eruption event.AbstractVolcano-seismic signals such as long-period (LP) events and tremors are important indicators for volcanic activity and unrest. Explosive volcanic eruptions are stunning phenomena that influence the Earth’s natural systems and climate in a variety of ways. This paper discusses the mid-week January 2022 eruption of the HTHH submarine volcano, especially on 15th January an event with many impacts in the region (dynamic, chemical, climate breakdown). Given the potential for a volcanic eruption to affect climate, the oceanic system, or climate variability, consistent and understandable modelling of these exceptional events is critical.The main objective was to determine the volcanic effects in our atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) during the multiple eruptive events occurred on January 2022 at HTHH. Our discussion also contributes to understanding the underlying Earth system dynamics triggered by cataclysmic volcanic eruptions. The Hybrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory (HYSPLIT) model system developed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Air Resources Laboratory was used to deliberate the effects caused by the multiple eruptions of HTHH on mid-week of January 2022. Our modelling results include model trajectories at different frequency levels, volcanic ash deposition and ash particle position from the series of multiple eruption events of submarine volcano HTHH in the mid-week of January 2022.