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Characterization of Transient-Large-Amplitude Geomagnetic Perturbation Events
  • Brett A. McCuen,
  • Mark B. Moldwin,
  • Mark J. Engebretson
Brett A. McCuen
University of Michigan

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Mark B. Moldwin
University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
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Mark J. Engebretson
Department of Physics, Augsburg University
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We present a characterization of transient-large-amplitude (TLA) geomagnetic disturbances that occurred at six stations of the Magnetometer Array for Cusp and Cleft Studies throughout 2015. TLA events are defined as one or more short-timescale (< 60 seconds) dB/dt signature with magnitude > 6 nT/s. A semi-automated dB/dt search algorithm was developed to identify TLA events in ground magnetometer data and used to identify 40 TLA dB/dt events. We demonstrate the existence of large-amplitude dB/dt with timescale less than 10 seconds in nine of the events. The association of these events to sudden commencements is relatively weak, rather the events are more likely to occur in relation to substorm onsets. However, 15% of TLA events show no direct association to geomagnetic storms, substorms or nighttime magnetic impulse events.