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Response of GOLD Retrieved Thermospheric Temperatures to Geomagnetic Activities of Varying Magnitudes
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  • Fazlul I Laskar,
  • Richard W Eastes,
  • Mihail V. Codrescu,
  • Joseph S. Evans,
  • Alan G. Burns,
  • Wenbin Wang,
  • William E. McClintock,
  • Xuguang Cai
Fazlul I Laskar
Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Richard W Eastes
Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics
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Mihail V. Codrescu
NOAA-Space Weather Prediction Center
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Joseph S. Evans
Computational Physics, Incorporated
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Alan G. Burns
National Center for Atmospheric Research (UCAR)
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Wenbin Wang
HAO/NCAR
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William E. McClintock
Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics
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Xuguang Cai
HAO NCAR
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Abstract

Global-scale Observations of Limb and Disk (GOLD) disk measurements of far ultraviolet molecular nitrogen band emissions are used to retrieve temperatures (T$_{disk}$), which are representative of lower thermospheric altitudes. The present investigation studies the response of lower thermospheric temperatures to geomagnetic activities of varying magnitudes. In this study, it has been observed that T$_{disk}$ increases over all latitudes in response to enhanced geomagnetic activity. The increase in temperature is proportional to the strength of the geomagnetic activity and is greater at higher latitudes. Temperature enhancements vary from 10s to 100s of Kelvins from low- to mid-latitudes. Local time behavior shows that pre-noon enhancements in temperatures, during relatively stronger geomagnetic activities, are greater compared to afternoon, which can be attributed to the combined action of daytime dynamics and geomagnetic forcing. This study thus demonstrates the utility of GOLD T$_{disk}$ measurements investigating the effects of dynamical and external forcings in the thermosphere.