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Interbasin differences in ocean ventilation in response to variations in the Southern Annular Mode
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  • Darryn W. Waugh,
  • Kial Douglas Stewart,
  • Andrew McC. Hogg,
  • Matthew H. England
Darryn W. Waugh
Johns Hopkins University

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Kial Douglas Stewart
Australian National University
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Andrew McC. Hogg
Australian National University
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Matthew H. England
University of New South Wales
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The response of the ventilation of mode and intermediate waters to abrupt changes in the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) is examined by analyzing the ideal age in a global ocean-sea ice model. The age response is shown to differ between the central Pacific Ocean and other basins. In the central Pacific there are large decreases in the age of subtropical mode and intermediate waters associated with a more positive SAM, contrasting only small age changes in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans, except near where intermediate water density surfaces outcrop. These interbasin differences hold for simulations at different horizontal resolutions, and can be explained by the combination of zonal variations in wind stress changes associated with the SAM, and differences in the age response to an increase or shift in the wind stress. These results suggest that the carbon and heat uptake associated with the SAM will likely vary between ocean basins.
Mar 2021Published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans volume 126 issue 3. 10.1029/2020JC016540