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Exploring the Relative Contribution of the MJO and ENSO to Midlatitude Subseasonal Predictability
  • Kirsten J Mayer,
  • William E Chapman,
  • William A Manriquez
Kirsten J Mayer
U.S. National Science Foundation National Center for Atmospheric Research

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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William E Chapman
U.S. National Science Foundation National Center for Atmospheric Research
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William A Manriquez
Metropolitan State University of Denver
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Here we explore the relative contribution of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) and El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) to midlatitude subseasonal predictive skill of upper atmospheric circulation over the North Pacific, using an inherently interpretable neural network applied to pre-industrial control runs of the Community Earth System Model version 2. We find that this interpretable network generally favors the state of ENSO, rather than the MJO, to make correct predictions on a range of subseasonal lead times and predictand averaging windows. Moreover, the predictability of positive circulation anomalies over the North Pacific is comparatively lower than that of their negative counterparts, especially evident when the ENSO state is important. However, when ENSO is in a neutral state, our findings indicate that the MJO provides some predictive information, particularly for positive anomalies. We identify three distinct evolutions of these MJO states, offering fresh insights into opportune forecasting windows for MJO teleconnections.
15 Apr 2024Submitted to ESS Open Archive
16 Apr 2024Published in ESS Open Archive