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RocMLMs: Predicting Rock Properties through Machine Learning Models
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  • Buchanan Kerswell,
  • Nestor G. Cerpa,
  • Andrea Tommasi,
  • Marguerite Godard,
  • José Alberto Padrón-Navarta
Buchanan Kerswell
Université de Montpellier

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Nestor G. Cerpa
University of Montpellier
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Andrea Tommasi
Geosciences Montpellier
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Marguerite Godard
Universite de Montpellier
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José Alberto Padrón-Navarta
Géosciences Montpellier, Université Montpellier 2 & CNRS, Place E. Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier cedex 5
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Mineral phase transformations significantly alter the bulk density and elastic properties of mantle rocks and consequently have profound effects on mantle dynamics and seismic wave propagation. These changes in the physical properties of mantle rocks result from evolution in the equilibrium mineralogical composition, which can be predicted by the minimization of the Gibbs Free Energy with respect to pressure (P), temperature (T), and chemical composition (X). Thus, numerical models that simulate mantle convection and/or probe the elastic structure of the Earth’s mantle must account for varying mineralogical compositions to be self-consistent. Yet coupling Gibbs Free Energy minimization (GFEM) approaches with numerical geodynamic models is currently intractable for high-resolution simulations because execution speeds of widely-used GFEM programs (100–102 ms) are impractical in many cases. As an alternative, this study introduces machine learning models (RocMLMs) that have been trained to predict thermodynamically self-consistent rock properties at arbitrary PTX conditions between 1–28 GPa, 773–2273 K, and mantle compositions ranging from fertile (lherzolitic) to refractory (harzburgitic) end-members defined with a large dataset of published mantle compositions. RocMLMs are 101–103 times faster than GFEM calculations or GFEM-based look-up table approaches with equivalent accuracy. Depth profiles of RocMLMs predictions are nearly indistinguishable from reference models PREM and STW105, demonstrating good agreement between thermodynamic-based predictions of density, Vp, and Vs and geophysical observations. RocMLMs are therefore capable, for the first time, of emulating dynamic evolution of density, Vp, and Vs in high-resolution numerical geodynamic models.
13 Apr 2024Submitted to ESS Open Archive
15 Apr 2024Published in ESS Open Archive