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Modeling Multi-Scale Deformation Cycles in Subduction Zones with a Continuum Visco-Elastic-Brittle Framework
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  • Véronique Dansereau,
  • Nikolai M. Shapiro,
  • Michel Campillo,
  • Jérôme Weiss
Véronique Dansereau
Institut des Sciences de la Terre , Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS UMR 5275

Corresponding Author:veronique.dansereau@univ-grenoble-alpes.fr

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Nikolai M. Shapiro
Institut de Sciences de la Terre, Universit ́e Grenoble Alpes, CNRS
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Michel Campillo
Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble
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Jérôme Weiss
French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS)
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The overwhelming amount of seismic, geodesic and in-situ observations accumulated over the last 30 years clearly indicate that, from a mechanical point of view, faults should be considered as both damageable elastic solids in which highly localized features emerge as a result of very short-term brittle processes and materials experiencing ductile strains distributed in large volumes and over long time scales. The interplay of both deformation mechanisms, brittle and ductile, give rise to transient phenomena associating slow slip and tremors, known as slow earthquakes, which dissipate a significant amount of stress in the fault system. The physically-based numerical models developed to improve our comprehension of the mechanical and dynamical behaviour of faults must therefore have the capacity to treat simultaneously both deformation mechanisms and to cover a wide range of time scales in a numerically efficient manner. This capability is essential, both for simulating accurately their deformation cycles and for improving our interpretation of the available observations.
In this paper, we present a numerically efficient visco-elasto-brittle numerical framework that can simulate transient deformations akin to that observed in the context of subduction zones, over the wide range of time scales relevant for slow earthquakes. We implement the model in idealized simple shear simulations and explore the sensitivity of its behavior to the value of its main mechanical parameters.
15 Mar 2023Submitted to ESS Open Archive
16 Mar 2023Published in ESS Open Archive