loading page

Influence of thermal stratification on the structure and evolution of the Martian core.
  • Sam Greenwood,
  • Christopher J. Davies,
  • Anne Pommier
Sam Greenwood
University of Leeds

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile
Christopher J. Davies
University of Leeds
Author Profile
Anne Pommier
UC San Diego
Author Profile


The apparent end of the internally generated Martian magnetic field at 3.6-4.1 Ga has been linked to insufficient core cooling. While the dynamo cessation time is a key event in the Martian history, a large range of solutions exist to satisfy this observation, limiting the insight it provides on the Martian interior. We produce a suite of models improving our understanding of the evolution of Mars in three keys areas. Firstly, we account for thermal stratification in the core, producing improved estimates on the core thermal structure. Secondly, we match estimates for the present-day areotherm. Finally, we consider recent experimental data for the core thermal conductivity, kc, much lower than previously thought for Mars. In order to yield a consistent dynamo cessation time we require kc<18 Wm-1K-1. Furthermore, the majority of our models indicate the core is fully conductive at present and too hot to form any solid.
28 Nov 2021Published in Geophysical Research Letters volume 48 issue 22. 10.1029/2021GL095198