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Effects of Anthropogenic Aerosols on the East Asian Winter Monsoon
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  • Shenglong Zhang,
  • Jonathon S. Wright,
  • Zengyuan Guo,
  • Wenyu Huang,
  • Yiran Peng
Shenglong Zhang
Tsinghua University
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Jonathon S. Wright
Tsinghua University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Zengyuan Guo
Climate Studies Key Laboratory, National Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration
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Wenyu Huang
Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Earth System Modeling, Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
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Yiran Peng
Tsinghua University
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Circulation patterns linked to the East Asian winter monsoon (EAWM) affect precipitation, surface temperature, and air quality extremes over East Asia. These circulation patterns can in turn be influenced by aerosol radiative and microphysical effects through diabatic heating and its impacts on atmospheric vorticity. Using global model simulations, we investigate the effects of anthropogenic aerosol emissions and concentration changes on the intensity and variability of the EAWM. Comparison with reanalysis products indicates that the model captures the mean state of the EAWM well. The experiments indicate that anthropogenic aerosol emissions strengthen the Siberian High but weaken the East Asian jet stream, making the land areas of East Asia colder, drier, and snowier. Aerosols reduce mean surface air temperatures by approximately 1.5°C, comparable to about half of the difference between strong and weak EAWM episodes in the control simulation. The mechanisms behind these changes are evaluated by analyzing differences in the potential vorticity budget. Anthropogenic aerosol effects on diabatic heating strengthen anomalous subsidence over southern East Asia, establishing an anticyclonic circulation anomaly that suppresses deep convection and precipitation. Aerosol effects on cloud cover and cloud longwave radiative heating weaken stability over the eastern flank of the Tibetan Plateau, intensifying upslope flow along the western side of the anticyclone. Both circulation anomalies contribute to reducing surface air temperatures through regional impacts on thermal advection and the atmospheric radiative balance.
03 Nov 2023Submitted to ESS Open Archive
03 Nov 2023Published in ESS Open Archive