Hanxiao Wu

and 2 more

Accurately determining the seismic structure of the deep crust of continents is crucial for understanding the geological record and continental dynamics. However, traditional surface wave methods often face challenges in solving the trade-offs between elastic parameters and discontinuities. In this work, we present a new approach that combines two established inversion techniques, receiver function H-ᵰ5; stacking and joint inversion of surface wave dispersion and receiver function waveforms, within a Bayesian Monte Carlo (MC) framework to address these challenges. As demonstrated by the synthetic test, the new method greatly reduces trade-offs between critical parameters, such as the deep crustal Vs, Moho depth, and crustal Vp/Vs ratio. This eliminates the need for assumptions regarding crustal Vp/Vs ratios in joint inversion, leading to a more accurate outcome. Furthermore, it improves the precision of the upper mantle velocity structure by reducing its trade-off with Moho depth. Additional notes on the sources of bias in the results are also included. Application of the new approach to USArray stations in the Northwestern US reveals consistency with previous studies and also identifies new features. Notably, we find elevated Vp/Vs ratios in the crystalline crust of regions such as coastal Oregon, suggesting potential mafic composition or fluid presence. Shallower Moho depth in the Basin and Range indicates reduced crustal support to the topography. The uppermost mantle Vs, averaging 5 km below Moho, aligns well with the Pn-derived Moho temperature map, offering the potential of using Vs as an additional constraint to Moho temperature and crustal thermal properties.