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A case study of the solar and lunar semidiurnal tide response to the 2013 sudden stratospheric warming
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  • Willem Elias van Caspel,
  • Patrick Joseph Espy,
  • Robert E. Hibbins,
  • Gunter Stober,
  • Peter G. Brown,
  • Christoph Jacobi,
  • Johan Kero
Willem Elias van Caspel
Meteorologisk institutt

Corresponding Author:willemvc@met.no

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Patrick Joseph Espy
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
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Robert E. Hibbins
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
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Gunter Stober
University of Bern
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Peter G. Brown
University of Western Ontario
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Christoph Jacobi
Institut fur Meteorologie, Universitat Leipzig, Germany
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Johan Kero
Swedish Institute of Space Physics
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This study investigates the response of the semidiurnal tide (SDT) to the 2013 major sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) event using meteor radar wind observations and mechanistic tidal model simulations. In the model, the background atmosphere is constrained to meteorological fields from the Navy Global Environmental Model - High Altitude analysis system. The solar (thermal) and lunar (gravitational) SDT components are forced by incorporating hourly global temperature tendency fields from the ERA5 forecast model, and by specifying the M2 and N2 lunar gravitational potentials, respectively. The simulated SDT response is compared against meteor wind observations from the CMOR (43.3◦N, 80.8◦W), Collm (51.3◦N, 13.0◦E), and Kiruna (67.5◦N, 20.1◦E) radars, showing close agreement with the observed amplitude and phase variability. Numerical experiments investigate the individual roles of the solar and lunar SDT components in shaping the net SDT response. Further experiments isolate the impact of changing propagation conditions through the zonal mean background atmosphere, non-linear wave-wave interactions, and the SSW-induced stratospheric ozone redistribution. Results indicate that between 80-97 km altitude in the northern hemisphere mid-to-high latitudes the net SDT response is driven by the solar SDT component, which itself is shaped by changing propagation conditions through the zonal mean background atmosphere and by non-linear wave-wave interactions. In addition, it is demonstrated that as a result of the rapidly varying solar SDT during the SSW the contribution of the lunar SDT to the total measured tidal field can be significantly overestimated.
11 May 2023Submitted to ESS Open Archive
13 May 2023Published in ESS Open Archive