Comparative Analysis of Residential Solar Farm with Energy Storage between the USA and Nigeria
AbstractUnlike the United States, Nigeria's installed overall electricity capacity is 12.8 GW, while the operational capacity is estimated to be 3.9 GW which is well below the current demand of 98 GW. This results in a consumer power demand shortfall of 94.1 GW across the country. As a result of this wide gap between demand and generation, only about 45% of Nigeria's citizens have access to electricity. In this paper, a comparative feasibility analysis of the utilization of a photovoltaic system with energy storage for residential application is presented. The comparative analysis is conducted to compare the feasibility of using a solar Farm with an energy storage system between the US and Nigeria. This analysis is carried out using a model developed by IREQ Hydro-Quebec Research Institute. The results are shown in phasor form to analyze the energy stored, solar intensity, and also enable the community in making informed decisions regarding reducing grid dependency.