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Subseasonal Great Plains Rainfall via Remote Extratropical Teleconnections: Regional Application of Theory-guided Causal Networks
  • Kelsey Malloy,
  • Ben P. Kirtman
Kelsey Malloy
Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University

Corresponding Author:kelsey.malloy@rsmas.miami.edu

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Ben P. Kirtman
University of Miami
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Long-range U.S. summer rainfall prediction skill is low. Monsoon variability, especially over the West North Pacific Monsoon (WNPM) and/or East Asian Monsoon (EAM) region, can influence U.S. Great Plains hydroclimate variability via a forced Rossby wave response. Here we explored subseasonal monsoon variability as a source of predictability for Great Plains rainfall. The boreal summer intraseasonal oscillation is related to Great Plains convection and Great Plains low-level jet (LLJ) anomalies as well as a cross-Pacific wave train. Using a causal effect network, we found that the time between BSISO-related geopotential height anomalies and Great Plains rainfall anomalies is about 2 weeks; therefore, BSISO convection may be a valuable forecast of opportunity for subseasonal prediction of Great Plains convection anomalies. More specifically, causal link patterns/maps revealed that the above-normal weekly EAM rainfall, rather than WNPM rainfall or general geopotential height activity over the East Asia, was causally linked to Great Plains LLJ strengthening and active Great Plains convection the following week.