Critical Analysis of Earth's Energy Budgets and a new Earth Energy Budget
AbstractThese Earth Energy Budgets (EEBs) came to prominence in 1997 when Kiehl and Trenberth produced their EEB known commonly as KT97. They have regularly come under attack. Primarily they show the Earth emitting 300% more radiation than it receives from the Sun. This energy is being generated out of nothing and violates the 1 st Law of Thermodynamics. They also show the Sun shining on the dark side of the Earth, something that just doesn't happen. All the radiation data in these EEBs, with the exception of Long Wave Down LWD and Long Wave Up LWU infrared IR radiation at the surface, have been divided by 4. This shows the Sun shining equally on all 4 quadrants of the Earth. This has the effect of having the Earth emitting 300% more radiation than it receives from the Sun. This 300% extra radiation is supposedly being generated out of nothing by a greenhouse effect GHE in the atmosphere. It seems apparent that this divide by 4 system is being used as a means of justifying the GHE theory. IR radiation is 100 times less energetic than visible radiation. That means the 322 W/m 2 of IR LWD is the equivalent of 3.22 W/m 2 of visible or Short Wave Down SWD radiation from the Sun. Since it appears these EEBs are being used to calibrate climate models, it has become necessary to review these EEBs and that in turn led to it becoming necessary to generate a new Earth Energy Budget to bring some realism back into them. This paper produces a new Earth Energy budget based on measured data. The Earth receives 1,361 W/m 2 of Short Wave Down SWD solar radiation at the top of atmosphere TOA and 1,361 W/m 2 of Short Wave Up SWU and LWU arrive back at the TOA. 589 W/m 2 of solar radiation is absorbed in the surface and 589 W/m 2 of LWU, latent heat and thermals is emitted by the surface. There is no mystery radiation being generated in the atmosphere and the budget is in balance.