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Real-time 3-D modeling of the ground electric field due to space weather events. A concept and its validation
  • Mikhail Kruglyakov,
  • Alexey Kuvshinov,
  • Elena Marshalko
Mikhail Kruglyakov
University of Otago, University of Otago

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Alexey Kuvshinov
Institute of Geophysics, Institute of Geophysics
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Elena Marshalko
Institute of Physics of the Earth, Institute of Physics of the Earth
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We present a methodology that allows researchers to simulate in real time the spatiotemporal dynamics of the ground electric field (GEF) in a given 3-D conductivity model of the Earth based on continuously augmented data on the spatiotemporal evolution of the inducing source. The formalism relies on the factorization of the source by spatial modes and time series of respective expansion coefficients and exploits precomputed frequency-domain GEF generated by corresponding spatial modes. To validate the formalism, we invoke a high-resolution 3-D conductivity model of Fennoscandia and consider a realistic source built using the Spherical Elementary Current Systems (SECS) method as applied to magnetic field data from the IMAGE network of observations. The factorization of the SECS-recovered source is then performed using the principal component analysis. Eventually, we show that the GEF computation at a given time instant on a 512 x 512 grid requires less than 0.025 seconds provided that frequency-domain GEF due to pre-selected spatial modes are computed in advance. Taking the 7-8 September 2017 geomagnetic storm as a space weather event, we show that real-time high-resolution 3-D modeling of the GEF is feasible. This opens a practical opportunity for GEF (and eventually geomagnetically induced currents) nowcasting and forecasting.
Apr 2022Published in Space Weather volume 20 issue 4. 10.1029/2021SW002906