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Mapping the seismicity of Mars with InSight
  • +6
  • Savas Ceylan,
  • Domenico Giardini,
  • John Clinton,
  • Doyeon Kim,
  • Amir Khan,
  • Simon C. Stähler,
  • Géraldine Zenhäusern,
  • Philippe Lognonné,
  • William Bruce Banerdt
Savas Ceylan
ETH Zurich

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Domenico Giardini
ETH Zürich
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John Clinton
Swiss Seismological Service
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Doyeon Kim
ETH Zürich
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Amir Khan
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology
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Simon C. Stähler
Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich
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Géraldine Zenhäusern
Institute of Geophysics, ETH Zurich
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Philippe Lognonné
Université Paris Cité, Institute de physique de globe de Paris, CNRS
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William Bruce Banerdt
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology
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InSight’s seismometers recorded more than 1300 events. Ninety-eight of these, named the low-frequency family, show energy predominantly below 1 Hz down to ∼0.125 Hz. The Marsquake Service identified seismic phases and computed distances for 42 of these marsquakes, 26 of which have backazimuths. Hence, the locations of the majority of low-frequency family events remain undetermined. Here, we use an envelope shape similarity approach to determine event classes and distances, and introduce an alternative method to estimate the backazimuth. In our similarity approach, we use the highest quality marsquakes with well-constrained distance estimates as templates, including the largest event S1222a, and assign distances to marsquakes with relatively high signal-to-noise ratio based on their similarities to the template events. The resulting enhanced catalog allows us to re-evaluate the seismicity of Mars. We find the Valles Marineris region to be more active than initially perceived, where only a single marsquake (S0976a) had previously been located. We relocated two marsquakes using new backazimuth estimates, which had reported distances of ∼90o, in the SW of the Tharsis region, possibly at Olympus Mons. In addition, two marsquakes with little or no S-wave energy have been located in the NE of the Elysium Bulge. Event epicenters in Cerberus Fossae follow a North-South trend due to uncertainties in location, while the fault system is in the NW-SE direction; therefore, these events are re-projected along the observed fault system.
15 Mar 2023Submitted to ESS Open Archive
16 Mar 2023Published in ESS Open Archive