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On the dependency of Atlantic Hurricane and European Windstorm Hazards
  • Michael Angus,
  • Gregor C. Leckebusch
Michael Angus
University of Birmingham

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Gregor C. Leckebusch
University of Birmingham
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The Atlantic Hurricane season and the European Windstorm season are found to be co-related in a seasonal forecast model. The probability of extremes occurring in both seasons is compared to the probability of extremes in each season being independent of one another. An above average Atlantic hurricane season is followed by an above average European windstorm season less often than if they were independent, consistent across three intensity measures. The El Niño Southern Oscillation is found to be in the positive (negative) phase when Hurricane activity is suppressed (enhanced) and European windstorm activity is enhanced (suppressed). A clear extra-tropical response in the seasonal forecast model to El Niño/La Niña provides a probable pathway for the observed co-relation between the extreme event seasons. This result has important predictability implications for both the actuarial and seasonal forecasting communities.
16 Dec 2020Published in Geophysical Research Letters volume 47 issue 23. 10.1029/2020GL090446