We present thermophysical, biological, and chemical observations of ice and brine samples from five compositionally diverse hypersaline lakes in British Columbia's interior plateau. Possessing a spectrum of magnesium, sodium, sulfate, carbonate and chloride salts, these low-temperature high-salinity lakes are analogs for planetary ice-brine environments, including the ice shells of Europa and Enceladus, and ice-brine systems on Mars. As such, understanding the thermodynamics and biogeochemistry of these systems can provide insight into the evolution, habitability, and detectability of high priority astrobiology targets. We show that biomass is typically concentrated in a layer near the base of the ice cover, but that chemical and biological impurities are present throughout the ice. Coupling bioburden, ionic concentration and seasonal temperature measurements, we demonstrate that impurity entrainment in the ice is directly correlated to ice formation rate and parent fluid composition. We highlight unique phenomena including brine supercooling, salt hydrate precipitation, and internal brine layers in the ice cover, important processes to consider for planetary ice-brine environments. These systems can be leveraged to constrain the distribution, longevity, and habitability of low-temperature solar system brines -- relevant to interpreting spacecraft data and planning future missions in the lens of both planetary exploration and planetary protection.