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Assessment of Technology Suitability for Remediation of Cr-Contaminated Sites: A SWOT Analysis
  • Gummadivalli Shiva Kumar,
  • Arvind Kumar Nema
Gummadivalli Shiva Kumar
Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Arvind Kumar Nema
Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology


The remediation of chromium (Cr) contaminated sites presents a complex challenge due to the hazardous nature of Cr compounds and their adverse impacts on human health and the environment. In addressing this pressing concern, the present study endeavors to contribute to the understanding of technology suitability for effective Cr-contaminated site remediation through a comprehensive Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT) analysis. Drawing upon an exhaustive review of the existing literature, this research first identifies and evaluates the strengths of various technologies commonly employed in Cr-contaminated site remediation. These strengths encompass the capacity of technologies to efficiently reduce Cr concentrations, promote sustainable remediation practices, and ensure minimal collateral damage to surrounding ecosystems. Furthermore, the analysis delves into the weaknesses of these technologies, highlighting potential limitations that may impede their optimal performance. The study then explores the opportunities that arise from implementing these technologies, including advancements in remediation processes, novel materials, and cutting-edge monitoring and assessment tools. Additionally, the research critically assesses the threats posed by the application of these technologies, encompassing potential economic, technical, and environmental challenges that may hinder their widespread adoption. By synthesizing these key findings, the study aims to provide valuable insights into the selection and deployment of appropriate remediation technologies tailored to Cr-contaminated sites. Furthermore, the SWOT analysis offers a structured framework for decision-makers, environmental practitioners, and policymakers to make informed choices concerning the most suitable technology options for site-specific circumstances. In conclusion, this research illuminates the diverse landscape of technologies available for Cr-contaminated site remediation, accentuating their respective strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. As such, this SWOT analysis serves as a vital resource in the ongoing efforts to remediate and restore Cr-contaminated sites, thereby safeguarding public health and the environment for future generations. Article in AGU23 Website
01 May 2024Submitted to ESS Open Archive
01 May 2024Published in ESS Open Archive