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The calm and variable inner life of the Atlantic Intertropical Convergence Zone: the relationship between the doldrums and surface convergence
  • Julia M. Windmiller
Julia M. Windmiller
Max Planck Institute for Meteorology

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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The doldrums are regions of low wind speeds and variable wind directions in the deep tropics that have been known for centuries. Although the doldrums are often associated with the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), the exact relationship remains unclear. This study re-examines the relationship between low-level convergence and the Atlantic doldrums. By analyzing the frequency distribution of low wind speed events in reanalysis and buoy data, we show that the doldrums are largely confined between the edges of the ITCZ marked by enhanced surface convergence. While the region between the edges is a region of high time-mean precipitation, low wind speed events occur in the absence of precipitation. We therefore hypothesize that low wind speed events occur in regions of low level divergence rather than convergence.
27 Mar 2024Submitted to ESS Open Archive
16 Apr 2024Published in ESS Open Archive