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Karst water resources in a changing world: Review of solute transport modelling approaches
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  • Kübra Özdemir Çallı,
  • Gabriele Chiogna,
  • Daniel Bittner,
  • Vianney Sivelle,
  • David Labat,
  • Beatrice Richieri,
  • Süleyman Selim ÇALLI,
  • Andreas Hartmann
Kübra Özdemir Çallı
Dresden University of Technology
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Gabriele Chiogna
Technical University Munich
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Daniel Bittner
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Vianney Sivelle
National Research Council
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David Labat
Geosciences Environnement Toulouse
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Beatrice Richieri
Technical University of Munich
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Süleyman Selim ÇALLI
Ankara University
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Andreas Hartmann
Dresden University of Technology

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Karst water resources are valuable freshwater sources for around 10 % of the world population. Nonetheless, anthropogenic factors and global changes have been seriously deteriorating the karst water quality and dependent ecosystems. Solute transport models are powerful tools to monitor, control, and manage the water quality and dependent ecosystem functioning. By representing and predicting the spatiotemporal behavior of solute migration in karst systems, the transport models enhance our understanding about the karst transport processes, thus enabling us to explore contamination risks and potential outcomes. This paper reviews the current state of knowledge on the modelling of solute transport processes in karst aquifers, thereby unveiling the fundamental challenges underlying a successful karst transport modelling. We discuss to what extent and in what ways we can handle these challenges and derive the key challenges and directions for reliable modelling of transport processes in karst systems in the present context of global changes.
27 Mar 2024Submitted to ESS Open Archive
29 Mar 2024Published in ESS Open Archive