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A Strategy for Underground Hydrogen Containment based on Time-Dependent Yield Stress Materials (H51X-1451 2023 AGU Fall Meeting)
  • Behbood Abedi,
  • Saman Aryana
Behbood Abedi
Department of Chemical & Biomedical Engineering
Saman Aryana

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile


Current and emerging approaches to subsurface storage suffer from geographical limitations and in some cases insufficient seal integrity or lateral containment. We propose an innovative containment strategy based on time-dependent yield stress materials, namely Smectite clay suspensions, to address these challenges and make subsurface storage reliable and geographically agnostic. We outline a containment strategy designed to reinforce natural subsurface seals and engineer flow barriers. As a high-risk, high-reward approach, suspension can be injected at its initial low viscosity and elasticity into a porous medium, allowing for easy pumping and targeted delivery, once inside the target zone, it matures into a soft solid with much higher viscosity and elasticity, acting as a flow barrier. We introduce and discuss the exceptional properties of this Smectite suspensions that we believe can revolutionize subsurface containment and storage to move in tandem with the energy transition. There are no adverse effects from higher temperatures on its long-term stability, unlike most polymer aqueous dispersions used in the industry. Moreover, its thixotropic microstructure offers many advantages in operations, such as handling sudden pump shutdowns.
17 Dec 2023Submitted to ESS Open Archive
27 Dec 2023Published in ESS Open Archive