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Spatial source contribution and interannual variation in deposition of dust aerosols over the Chinese Loess Plateau
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  • Ove Westermoen Haugvaldstad,
  • Hui Tang,
  • Anu Kaakinen,
  • Christine D. Groot Zwaaftink,
  • Henrik Grythe,
  • Katja Bohm,
  • Thomas Stevens,
  • Zhongshi Zhang,
  • Frode Stordal
Ove Westermoen Haugvaldstad
Norwegian Meteorological Institute

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Hui Tang
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Anu Kaakinen
University of Helsinki
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Christine D. Groot Zwaaftink
Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU)
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Henrik Grythe
Stockholm University
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Katja Bohm
University of Helsinki
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Thomas Stevens
Uppsala University
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Zhongshi Zhang
Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research
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Frode Stordal
University of Oslo
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The Chinese Loess Plateau (CLP) in northern China serves one of the most prominent loess records in the world. The CLP is an extensive record of changes in past aeolian dust activity in East Asia; however, the interpretation of the loess records is hampered by ambiguity regarding the origin of loess-forming dust and an incomplete understanding of the circulation forcing dust accumulation. In this study, we used a novel modeling approach combining a dust emission model FLEXDUST with simulated back trajectories from FLEXPART to trace the dust back to where it was emitted. Over 21 years (1999-2019), we modeled back trajectories for fine (~ 2mu) and super-coarse (~ 20mu) dust particles at six CLP sites during the peak dust storm season from March to May. The source receptor relationship from FLEXPART is combined with the dust emission inventory from FLEXDUST to create site-dependent high-resolution maps of the source contribution of deposited dust. The nearby dust-emission areas dominate the source contribution at all sites. Wet deposition is important for dust deposition at all sites, regardless of dust size. Non-negligible amounts of dust from distant emission regions could be wet deposited on the CLP following high-level tropospheric transport, with the super-coarse dust preferentially from emission areas upwind of sloping topography. On an interannual scale, the phase of the Arctic Oscillation (AO) in winter was found to have a strong impact on the deposition rate on the CLP, while the strength of the East Asian Winter Monsoon was less influential.
23 Nov 2023Submitted to ESS Open Archive
27 Nov 2023Published in ESS Open Archive