Parallels Between Jesus and Mithra: A Comparative Study
AbstractMithra, in ancient Persian mythology, was associated with various aspects, including the concept of contracts and oaths. The concept of Mithra as a guardian of truth and the enforcer of oaths played a significant role in Zoroastrianism, the religion of ancient Persia. People would invoke Mithra's name when making promises or entering into contracts, believing that breaking such agreements would incur Mithra's wrath. The bull-slaying scene in Mithraism symbolized the triumph of light (Mithras) over darkness (the bull), emphasizing the solar aspects of the deity. This symbolism linked Mithraism to the changing seasons and the sun's journey across the sky. Mithraism declined with the rise of Christianity in the Roman Empire. However, some of its symbolism and ideas influenced later religious traditions, including aspects of Christian iconography. The comparison between Jesus Christ and Mithra, a deity from ancient Persian religion, has been a topic of fascination for scholars and enthusiasts alike. While the two figures belong to different religious traditions and historical contexts, this paper aims to explore some of the intriguing similarities that have been identified over the years.