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Energy transfer between various electron populations via resonant interaction with whistler mode wave
  • Artemiy A Luzhkovskiy,
  • David R. Shklyar
Artemiy A Luzhkovskiy
Space Research Institute

Corresponding Author:luzartyom@yandex.ru

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David R. Shklyar
Space Research Institute
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Abstract

Electron energization in the Earth's radiation belts caused by resonant interaction with whistler mode waves currently is under intense investigation. When the waves are excited due to cyclotron instability in collisionless plasma, i.e., when the energy source for the waves is the free energy of unstable electron distribution, particle energization by excited waves is nothing but energy transfer from one group of electrons to another mediated by the waves. An example of such a process is considered in which a quasi-monochromatic whistler mode wave packet with the frequency and the wave normal angle corresponding to the maximum growth rate is excited at the equator. Since the maximum growth rate corresponds to parallel propagating wave, only the first cyclotron resonance particles play a part in this excitation. While propagating from the equator towards the Earth, the wave normal vector becomes more and more oblique, and all cyclotron resonances, in particular, Landau resonance come into play. Wave-particle interaction at Landau resonance leads to the wave damping and the corresponding particle energization on the average. Moreover, we show that the mean square variation of resonant particle energy greatly exceeds the average value, thus, the energy increase of some particles is much larger than the Landau resonance particles get from the wave on the average. This means that the exchange of energy between different groups of particles through a wave is a more efficient process than the amplification or damping of a wave due to its resonant interaction with particles.
08 Aug 2023Submitted to ESS Open Archive
10 Aug 2023Published in ESS Open Archive