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Modulation of western South Atlantic marine heatwaves by meridional ocean heat transport
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  • Marlos Pereira Goes,
  • Shenfu Dong,
  • Gregory R. Foltz,
  • Gustavo J. Goni,
  • Denis L. Volkov,
  • ILana Wainer
Marlos Pereira Goes
University of Miami/CIMAS and NOAA/AOML

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Shenfu Dong
NOAA/AOML
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Gregory R. Foltz
NOAA/AOML
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Gustavo J. Goni
NOAA/AOML
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Denis L. Volkov
University of Miami / AOML
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ILana Wainer
Universidade de Sao Paulo
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Abstract

Marine heatwaves and cold spells are extreme surface temperature events that have been associated with adverse societal and ecosystem impacts in several regions around the globe. Predicting these events presents a challenge because of their generally short-lived nature and dependence on air-sea interactions, both locally and remotely. Here we analyze oceanic propagating features that promote the occurrence of marine heatwaves and cold spells in the western subtropical South Atlantic. The main interannual feature detected from satellite sea level data since 1993 shows a westward propagating zonal pattern with a periodicity of 3-5 years. The pattern has a significant in-phase correlation with sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies in the western South Atlantic, explaining 77% of the daily extreme warm (90%) and cold (10%) SST anomalies and consequently modulating interannual variations in the intensity and duration of marine heatwave and cold spell events. It is found that meridional oceanic advection plays an important role in the regional heat budget associated with the westward-propagating mode, modulating the meridional exchange of tropical (warm) and extratropical (cold) waters in the western subtropical South Atlantic region and thereby setting a baseline for temperature extremes on interannual timescales. This propagating mode is well correlated (r > 0.6) with the strength of the meridional overturning circulation at 25°S and 30°S with a lag of approximately 5 to 9 months. The lagged response provides a potential for predictability of extreme events in the western South Atlantic.
29 Feb 2024Submitted to ESS Open Archive
04 Mar 2024Published in ESS Open Archive