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Deriving Sea Subsurface Temperature Fields from Satellite Remote Sensing Data Using a Generative Adversarial Network Model
  • +2
  • Jiali Zhang,
  • Pengfei Ning,
  • Xuefeng Zhang,
  • Xidong Wang,
  • Anmin Zhang
Jiali Zhang
Tianjin University
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Pengfei Ning
National Marine Data and Information Service
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Xuefeng Zhang
School of Marine Science and Technology, Tianjin University

Corresponding Author:xuefeng.zhang@tju.edu.cn

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Xidong Wang
College of Oceanography, Hohai University
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Anmin Zhang
Tianjin University
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Ingenious use of multisource satellite observations to accurately invert global and regional subsurface thermohaline structure is essential for understanding ocean interior processes, but extremely challenging. This study proposes a new method from the sea surface information inverting daily subsurface temperature (ST) based on generative adversarial network (GAN) model in China’s marginal seas. The proposed GAN-based model can project the STs from sea surface information (SLA, SSTA, SST) with a high resolution of 1/12°. A traditional regression-based model, Modular Ocean Data Assimilation System (MODAS), is set up the same experiments for the sake of comparison. The results show that the averaged RMSE results are less than 1.45°C in upper 200m and the highest averaged R2 of 0.97 at the 70m level, which are better than that of MODAS. Errors analysis and typical oceanographic phenomena analysis results show the superiority of the proposed GAN-based model in this study. This study can provide high-precision daily ST data from sea surface information, which can be expanded to further studies on the ocean interior variation characteristics.