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Is there a semi-molten layer at the base of the lunar mantle?
  • Michaela Walterová,
  • Marie Behounkova,
  • Michael Efroimsky
Michaela Walterová
DLR Institute of Planetary Research, DLR Institute of Planetary Research, DLR Institute of Planetary Research

Corresponding Author:kanovami@gmail.com

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Marie Behounkova
Charles University, Charles University, Charles University
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Michael Efroimsky
United States Naval Observatory, United States Naval Observatory, United States Naval Observatory
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Abstract

Parameterised by the Love number k2 and the tidal quality factor Q, and inferred from lunar laser ranging (LLR), tidal dissipation in the Moon follows an unexpected frequency dependence often interpreted as evidence for a highly dissipative, melt-bearing layer encompassing the core-mantle boundary. Within this, more or less standard interpretation, the basal layer’s viscosity is required to be of order 1015 to 1016 Pa.s and its outer radius is predicted to extend to the zone of deep moonquakes. While the reconciliation of those predictions with the mechanical properties of rocks might be challenging, alternative lunar interior models without the basal layer are said to be unable to fit the frequency dependence of tidal Q.
The purpose of our paper is to illustrate under what conditions the frequency-dependence of lunar tidal Q can be interpreted without the need for deep-seated partial melt. Devising a simplified lunar model, in which the mantle is described by the Sundberg-Cooper rheology, we predict the relaxation strength and characteristic timescale of elastically-accommodated grain boundary sliding in the mantle that would give rise to the desired frequency dependence. Along with developing this alternative model, we test the traditional model with basal partial melt; and we show that the two models cannot be distinguished from each other by the available selenodetic measurements. Additional insight into the nature of lunar tidal dissipation can be gained either by measurements of higher-degree Love numbers and quality factors or by farside lunar seismology.
08 Jun 2023Submitted to ESS Open Archive
08 Jun 2023Published in ESS Open Archive