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The Late Miocene Biogenic Bloom : A globally distributed but not an ubiquitous event
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  • Quentin PILLOT,
  • Baptiste Suchéras-Marx,
  • Anta-Clarisse Sarr,
  • Clara T Bolton,
  • Yannick Donnadieu
Quentin PILLOT

Corresponding Author:pillot@cerege.fr

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Baptiste Suchéras-Marx
Aix-Marseille University, OSU Pythéas
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Anta-Clarisse Sarr
CEREGE, Aix-Marseille University
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Clara T Bolton
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Yannick Donnadieu
CEREGE (Centre Européen de Recherche et d'Enseignement des Géosciences de l'Environnement)
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The Late Miocene Biogenic Bloom (LMBB) is a late Miocene to early Pliocene oceanographic event characterized by high accumulation rates of opal from diatoms and calcite from calcareous nannofossils and planktic foraminifera. This multi-million year event has been recognized in sediment cores from the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans. The numerous studies discussing the LMBB lead us to believe that this event is omnipresent in all oceans, although this hypothesis need to be tested. Moreover, the origin of this event is still widely discussed. In this study we aim to provide a comprehensive overview of the geographical and temporal aspects of the LMBB by compiling published ocean drilling (DSDP, ODP and IODP) records of sedimentation rates, CaCO\textsubscript{3} and opal and terrigenous accumulation rates that cover the late Miocene and early Pliocene interval. Our data compilation shows that traces of the LMBB are present in many different locations but in a very heterogeneous way, highlighting that the LMBB is not a pervasive event. The compilation in addition shows that the sites where the LMBB is recorded are mainly located in areas with a high productivity regime (i.e. upwelling systems). We suggest that the most likely hypothesis to explain the LMBB is a global increase in upwelling intensity due to an increase in wind strength or an increase in deep water formation, ramping up global thermohaline circulation.