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Land use analysis of the N’ZI watershed (Côte d’Ivoire) using multi-date and multi-source satellite data
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  • Koffi Léon YAO,
  • K E Kouakou,
  • A M Kouassi,
  • J-P Deguy
Koffi Léon YAO
National Polytechnic Institute Felix Houphouet-Boigny (INP-HB)

Corresponding Author:leonbless4@gmail.com

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K E Kouakou
National Polytechnic Institute Félix Houphouet-Boigny (INP-HB)
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A M Kouassi
National Polytechnic Institute Félix Houphouet-Boigny (INP-HB)
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J-P Deguy
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The uncontrolled rapid population growth in our regions and strong industrialization are putting pressure on natural resources, accelerating climate change and desertification. This study aims to follow the evolution of land use in the N’ZI watershed. Three images from Landsat 4 & 5 (1986), Landsat 7 (2000), and Landsat 8 (2020) made it possible to carry out this study. Remote sensing and geographic information systems (GIS) have been used to monitor land cover as a whole. The software Envi 5.1 and ArcGIS 10.4.1 have made it possible to do various treatments. The supervised classification method was used in this work in addition to the calculation of the spectral indices. The land-use analysis showed the changes that took place during the periods 1986-2000, 2000-2020, and 1986-2020. The results of this analysis showed regression of water surfaces (-64.95% and-52.47%) over the period (2000-2020 and 1986-2020) on the other hand, there is a great increase in bare-ground dwellings (373.63%) and low-cover soils (10.60%). These progressions are at the expense in particular of forests (-86.93%), savannas (-3.97%), and agricultural areas (-9.30%) between 1986-2020.