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Pore Pressure Prediction in Offshore Niger Delta: Implications on Drilling and Reservoir Quality
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  • Joshua Pwavodi,
  • Ibekwe N Kelechi,
  • Perekebina Angalabiri,
  • Sharon Emeremgini,
  • Oguadinma O Vivian
Joshua Pwavodi
Univ. Grenoble Alpes

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Ibekwe N Kelechi
TotalEnergies SA CSTJF
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Perekebina Angalabiri
Univ. Grenoble Alpes
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Sharon Emeremgini
University of Benin
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Oguadinma O Vivian
Univ. Lille
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Despite exploration and production success in Niger Delta, several failed wells have been encountered due to overpressures. Hence, it is very essential to understand the spatial distribution of pore pressure and the generating mechanism in order to mitigate the pitfalls that might arise during drilling. This research provides estimates of pore pressure along three offshore wells using the Eaton’s transit time method. An accurate normal compaction trend was estimated using the Eaton’s exponent (m=3). Our results show that there are three pressure magnitude regimes: normal pressure zone (hydrostatic pressure), Transition pressure zone (slightly above hydrostatic pressure), and over pressured zone (significantly above hydrostatic pressure). The top of the geopressured zone (2873 mbRT or 9425.853 ft) averagely marks the onset of overpressurization with the excess pore pressure ratios above hydrostatic pressure varying averagely along the three wells between P * = 1.06 − 24.75 MPa and the lithostatic load range is λ = 0.46 − 0.97 and λ * = 0.2 − 0.9. The parametric study shows that the value of Eaton’s exponent (m = 3-6) need to be applied with caution based on the dominant pore pressure generating mechanism in the Niger Delta. The generating mechanisms responsible for high pore pressure in the Offshore Niger Delta are disequilibrium compaction, unloading (fluid expansion) and shale diagenesis.