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Exploiting close zonal-sampling of HIRDLS profiles near turnaround latitude to investigate missing drag in chemistry-climate models near 60 S
  • Laura A Holt,
  • Colby Brabec,
  • M. Joan Alexander
Laura A Holt
Northwest Research Associates

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Colby Brabec
University of Colorado Boulder
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M. Joan Alexander
NorthWest Research Associates
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This study exploits the high-density zonal sampling at the turnaround latitude of the High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS) in the Southern Hemisphere to investigate the missing drag in chemistry-climate models near 60 S. Gravity wave (GW) properties including amplitude, zonal wavenumber, vertical wavelength, and momentum flux are estimated with a wavelet analysis method based on the S-transform. Monthly means of GW properties compare well with estimates from previous studies. We further investigate the contribution to GW momentum flux above orographic and nonorographic regions and find that while fluxes are much larger locally over orographic regions, the contribution to the zonal mean is roughly 3 times smaller than the contribution over nonorographic regions. We also investigate the relationship with the zonal wind and find that GW momentum flux is highly correlated with the near surface winds over orographic regions. In addition to momentum flux, we also provide estimates of the zonal drag and use these estimates to evaluate the current GW parameterizations and resolved wave forcing in models participating in phase 1 of the Chemistry-Climate Model Initiative (CCMI-1). The HIRDLS zonal drag estimates suggest that the CCMI-1 models have insufficient zonal drag, especially in June, July, and August, and that the majority of the missing drag is over nonorographic regions. Our discussion includes implications for the Brewer-Dobson Circulation and ozone hole.