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Bremsstrahlung in High Density Mediums
  • Mert Yucemoz
Mert Yucemoz
University of Bath

Corresponding Author:m.yucemoz@bath.ac.uk

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Previously the radiation patterns of combined parallel and perpendicular motions from the accelerated relativistic particle at low and high frequencies of the bremsstrahlung process with an external lightning electric field were explained. The primary outcome was that radiation patterns have four relative maxima with two forward peaking and two backward peaking lobes. The asymmetry of the radiation pattern, i.e., the different intensities of forwarding and backward peaking lobes, is caused by the Doppler effect. A novel outcome is that bremsstrahlung has an asymmetry of the four maxima around the velocity vector caused by the curvature of the particle's trajectory as it emits radiation. This extended work reports another novel asymmetry in the overall radiation pattern. Previously stated bremsstrahlung asymmetry, R was an asymmetry in the radiation lobe pairs about particles velocity vector. Bremsstrahlung asymmetry used to occur at the same level in both forward radiation lobe pairs and backward radiation lobe pairs. However, in high-density mediums where the emitted wave can lag behind the speed of the particle, symmetry of the magnitude of bremsstrahlung asymmetry, R differs between forward peaking radiation lobe pairs relative to backward peaking radiation lobe pairs. This is another novel asymmetry and it causes bremsstrahlung asymmetry, R to be larger in the forward peaking compared to backward peaking radiation. The outcome is the shrink in radiation length that occurs in the backward peaking lobes. This extended mathematical modeling of the bremsstrahlung process into different high-density mediums helps to better understand the physical processes of a single particle's radiation pattern, which might assist the interpretation of observations with networks of radio receivers and arrays of gamma-ray detectors.