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Sun superflaring mechanism from decade-scale magnetic entanglement with Jupiter
  • Mensur Omerbashich
Mensur Omerbashich
Journal of Geophysics

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Sun–Jupiter decade-scale magnetic entanglement emerges from Wilcox Solar Observatory 1975-2021 N–S ≲150 μT mean-field data, as a global response of solar magnetic fields to the magnetar-type evolution of Jupiter ~2001–onward global magnetoactivity discovered recently in the 1–6 month (385.8–64.3 nHz) band of Rieger resonance. At extreme ≲20% field variance, the sudden Jovian deviation is so high it forced solar magnetoactivity devolution into inverse-matching response, at effectively moderate ≲1.5% mean-field variance. Thus as Jupiter magnetoactivity evolved sinusoidally, the Sun began mirror-compensating ~2002 (the epoch of Abbe number drop), reducing its magnetoactivity in decreasingly sinusoidal fashion to solar cycle 24 extreme minimum. For check, 2004-2021 WIND mission data revealed <0.5-var% (<5-dB) calm ≲50 nT interplanetary magnetic field at L1, slightly undulated by the Jupiter evolution impulse, thus excluding solar wind and Sun as impulse sources (confirmed by statistical fidelity waning down Jupiter–L1–Sun diffusion vector spaces, as 10^7–10^3–10^2). Magnetic tangling of stars and hot (<0.1 AU) Jupiters was blamed previously for observed star superflaring 10^2–10^7 times more energetic than the strongest solar flare. Accordingly, the Sun ante-impulse locking is a shock-absorbing mechanism — routine shutter-response to Jupiter recurrent phasing into the flare-brown-dwarf state — with which the Sun enters a grand minimum (sleep mode). As Jupiter intermittently becomes an indirect driver of Earth’s climate, the Sun prepares to discharge stored energy as a non-extinction ~10^32-erg superflare (currently overdue). The mechanism, in which warm/cold Jupiters too trigger (mild) superflares, possibly defends stars against incoming Jupiters.