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Modeling spatial distribution of carbon sequestration, CO2 absorption, and O2 production in an urban area: integrating ground-based data, remote sensing technique, and GWR model
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  • Loghman Khodakarami,
  • Saeid Pourmanafi,
  • Alireza Soffianian,
  • Ali Lotfi
Loghman Khodakarami
Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan University of Technology
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Saeid Pourmanafi
Isfahan university of technology, Isfahan university of technology

Corresponding Author:spourmanafi@cc.iut.ac.ir

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Alireza Soffianian
Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan University of Technology
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Ali Lotfi
Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan University of Technology
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Abstract

The main purpose of this research is to model the spatial distribution of carbon sequestration, CO2 absorption, and oxygen production by trees within Isfahan city, Iran, in 2020. To quantify carbon sequestration, we accessed a sample group of trees with measured biophysical attributes. First, we calculated the biomass and carbon sequestration of a tree using the allometric and photosynthesis equations. Then, to model the spatial distribution of carbon sequestration, we used Geographic Weighted Regression (GWR) method. In this model, the amount of calculated carbon sequestration was the dependent variable, whereas the difference between vegetation index of ΔExGR(Excess Green Plant Index minus Excess Red Plant Index)from the Worldview image was the independent variable. Subsequently, the spatial distribution map of CO2 absorption and oxygen production was generated. The total value of annual carbon sequestration, CO2 absorption, and O2 production was about 7704.22, 28274.502, and 20570.16 tons, respectively. The results showed that there was a strong correlation between the ΔExGR index of the canopy with calculated carbon. Integrating the ΔExGR index from a high-resolution image with calculated carbon can contribute to developing a fast, accurate, and low-cost method in estimating carbon sequestration and modeling its spatial distribution in urban areas. In conclusion, the results of this research can be implemented by land use planners in order to integrate urban ecosystem service concept (i.e., carbon sequestration) in planning process towards sustainability of the cities.