loading page

Modulation of the Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves by the MJO over different domains
  • J.M. Neena,
  • E. Suhas,
  • Xianan Jiang
J.M. Neena
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune, India

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile
E. Suhas
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research
Author Profile
Xianan Jiang
JIFFRESSE, University of California Los Angeles, California, USA
Author Profile


In this study we have examined the modulation of convectively coupled Kelvin waves (CCKW) by different Madden-Julian oscillation (MJO) states over the Indian, Pacific and Atlantic Ocean domains. Convectively active CCKW events associated with the MJO convectively active, convection suppressed and weak amplitude states were derived using wavenumber-frequency filtered outgoing long wave radiation (OLR) indices over the three domains. Composite analysis of CCKW events during different MJO states indicate that the amplitude and phase speed of CCKW are modulated by the MJO state. The amplitude of CCKW are stronger (weaker) and it propagates slower(faster) and more (less) eastward when the MJO amplitude is strong. The phase speed of CCKW is much slower over the Indian Ocean domain, while it propagates relatively faster over the Atlantic Ocean domain. It is hypothesized that the observed difference in CCKW phase speeds is related to the Gross Moist Stability (GMS). The clear linear relationship observed between the GMS and CCKW phase speeds over the different domains, during different MJO states and the observed differences in CCKW vertical structures support this hypothesis. It is found that the CCKW exhibits a baroclinic vertical structure over the Indian and Pacific Ocean domains and a barotropic vertical structure over the Atlantic Ocean. Planetary-scale convection associated with the MJO reduces the static stability allowing for baroclinic modes to prevail, which in turn reduces the GMS and the effective equivalent depth, eventually slowing down the CCKW phase propagation. The results suggest that CCKW may be treated as a mixed-moisture mode.