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Concentration-Discharge Patterns Across the Gulf of Alaska Reveal Geomorphological and Glacierization Controls on Stream Water Solute Generation and Export
  • Jordan Jenckes,
  • Daniel Enrique Ibarra,
  • Lee Ann Munk
Jordan Jenckes
University of Alaska Anchorage

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Daniel Enrique Ibarra
Brown University
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Lee Ann Munk
University of Alaska-Anchorage
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High latitude glacierized coastal catchments of the Gulf of Alaska (GoA) are undergoing rapid hydrologic changes in response to climate change and glacial recession. These catchments deliver important nutrients in the form of both inorganic and organic matter to the nearshore marine environment, yet are relatively understudied with respect to characterization of the solute generation processes and total yields. Using multiple linear regression informed by Bayesian Information Criterion analysis we empirically demonstrate how watershed characteristics affect solute generation as represented by concentration-discharge relationships. We find that watershed mean slope and relief control solute generation and that solute yields are influenced most by glacier coverage. We contribute a new flux and concentration-discharge based conceptualization for understanding solute cycles across a hydroclimatic gradient of GoA watersheds that can be used to better understand future watershed responses to rapid hydrologic change.
16 Jan 2022Published in Geophysical Research Letters volume 49 issue 1. 10.1029/2021GL095152