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Deep sourced fluids for peridotite carbonation in the shallow mantle wedge of a fossil subduction zone: Sr and C isotope profiles of OmanDP Hole BT1B
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  • Juan Carlos de Obeso,
  • Peter B Kelemen,
  • James Andrew Leong,
  • Manuel D Menzel,
  • Craig Manning,
  • Marguerite Godard,
  • Yue Cai,
  • Louise Bolge
Juan Carlos de Obeso
University of Calgary

Corresponding Author:juancarlos.deobeso@ucalgary.ca

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Peter B Kelemen
Columbia University
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James Andrew Leong
Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory
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Manuel D Menzel
RWTH Aachen University
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Craig Manning
University of California Los Angeles
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Marguerite Godard
Universite de Montpellier
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Yue Cai
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
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Louise Bolge
Columbia University
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Completely carbonated peridotites represent a window to study reactions of carbon-rich fluids with mantle rocks. Here we present details on the carbonation history of listvenites close to the basal thrust in the Samail ophiolite. We use samples from Oman Drilling Project Hole BT1B, which provides a continuous record of lithologic transitions, as well as outcrop samples from listvenites, metasediments and metamafics below the basal thrust of the ophiolite. 87Sr/86Sr of listvenites and serpentinites, ranging from 0.7090 to 0.7145, are significantly more radiogenic than mantle values, Cretaceous seawater, and other peridotite hosted carbonates in Oman. δ13C in the listvenites and serpentinites range from -10.6‰ to 1.92‰, including a small organic carbon component with δ13C as low as -27‰ that reaffirms the presence of carbonaceous material in Hole BT1B. The source of the radiogenic Sr was probably similar to Hawasina metasediments that underlie the ophiolite, with values up to 0.7241 in clastic lithologies. These results indicate that decarbonation reactions in such clastic sediments, during subduction at temperatures above 500°C, form carbon rich fluids that could have migrated updip, supplying radiogenic 87Sr/86Sr and fractionated δ13C to BT1B serpentinites and listvenites.