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Extreme Variability of the Tropical Tropopause over the Indian Monsoon Region
  • Sanjay K. Mehta,
  • Vanmathi Annamalai
Sanjay K. Mehta
SRM Research Institute, SRM Research Institute

Corresponding Author:ksanjaym@gmail.com

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Vanmathi Annamalai
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The extreme variability of the cold point tropopause temperature (TCPT) and height (HCPT) are examined over a tropical station, Gadanki (13.45N, 79.2E) using high-resolution radiosonde data during the period 2006-2014. The extreme variabilities such as the coldest (warmest) tropopause is defined if TCPT is lesser (greater) than the lower (upper) limit of its two-sigma level whereas the highest (lowest) tropopause is defined as the HCPTis greater (lesser) than the lower (upper) limit of its two-sigma level. In total 161 extreme cases such as the coldest (52) and warmest (30) TCPT and the highest (57) and lowest (22) HCPT are observed. The coldest (187.2±1.60 K, 17.3±0.52 km), warmest (194.2±1.78 K, 16.9±0.89 km), lowest (191.7±1.78 K, 18.2±0.55 km) and highest (191.8±2.11 K, 16.2±0.38 km) occurs without preference of season. These extreme tropopause cases occur independently. Thermal structure of the coldest tropopause cases reveals that they are often sharper whereas the warmest, highest and lowest tropopause is broader. Water vapor and ozone concentrations are found to be high for the warmest tropopause and low for the coldest tropopause. Under the shallow convection, extreme temperature profiles, in general, show prominent warming between 8-14 km while anomalous cooling (warming) just below (above) the CPT. The occurrence of the tropical cyclones, cirrus clouds and equatorial wave propagation are the possible candidates for the occurrence of the extreme tropopauses.