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Stress field estimation from S-wave anisotropy observed in multi-azimuth seismic survey with cabled seafloor seismometers above the Nankai Trough megathrust zone, Japan
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  • Toshinori Kimura,
  • Hitoshi Mikada,
  • Eiichiro Araki,
  • Shuichi Kodaira,
  • Seiichi Miura,
  • Narumi Takahashi
Toshinori Kimura
Japan Marine Science & Technology Center

Corresponding Author:kimurat@jamstec.go.jp

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Hitoshi Mikada
Kyoto University
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Eiichiro Araki
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Shuichi Kodaira
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
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Seiichi Miura
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
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Narumi Takahashi
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
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The spatial variation of azimuthal S-wave phase velocity anisotropies caused by differential horizontal stress along the subducting plate at the Nankai Trough was analyzed to understand the stress state of the overhung block of the forearc region, off Kii Peninsula, Japan. We conducted controlled-source seismic surveys along the circumference of a 3 km diameter circle centered at each seismometer of a cabled earthquake observatory installed on the seafloor above the Kumano basin of the Nankai Trough subduction zone. We applied an anisotropy semblance method to estimate the orientation of fast and slow S-wave velocities of both shallow sediments and deep accretionary prism using the multi-azimuth seismic dataset acquired at each seismometer location. The estimated orientations of fast S-wave velocity are parallel to the convergent direction of the subducting place beneath the Kumano basin in the deeper accretionary prism while perpendicular to the convergent direction in the shallow sediments inside the Kumano basin. The orientations of these fast S-wave polarization show good agreement with those of horizontal maximum stress orientations estimated in situ borehole measurements in the observation area Then differential horizontal stress field in the Nankai Trough region was estimated from obtained S-wave anisotropy using a simple crack model. The azimuths of fast S-wave polarization and the derived differential stresses could be explained well by the tectonics of the Nankai Trough subduction zone. These results strongly suggested that the S-wave azimuthal anisotropy measurements could be used to monitor the subsurface stress field as a function of time.
Sep 2021Published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth volume 126 issue 9. 10.1029/2020JB021380