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Locating Schumann Resonant Frequencies on a Single Particle Radiation Patterns Using Golden Ratio Spiral
  • Yucemoz Mert
Yucemoz Mert
University of Bath

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Although lightning discharge is not the only source or only physical phenomenon that affects the Schumann resonances, they have the highest contribution to the Schumann resonances oscillating between the ground the ionosphere. Schumann resonances are predicted through several different numerical models such as the transmission-line matrix model or partially uniform knee model. Here we report a different prediction method for Schumann resonances derived from the first principle fundamental physics combining both particle radiation patterns and the mathematical concept of the Golden ratio. This prediction allows the physical understanding of where Schumann resonances originate from radiation emitted by a particle that involves many frequencies that are not related to Schumann resonances. In addition, this method allows to predict the wave propagation direction of each frequency value in the Schumann frequency spectrum. Particles accelerated by lightning leader tip electric fields are capable of contributing most of the Schumann resonances. The radiation pattern of a single particle consists of many frequencies that there are only specific ones within this pattern that contribute to the Schumann radiation. Vast majority of Schumann resonances distribute quite nicely obeying the Golden ratio interval. This property used in conjunction with the full single-particle radiation patterns also revealed that high-frequency forward-backward peaking radiation patterns as well as low-frequency radiation patterns can contribute to Schumann resonances. Moreover, this also allows to locate them on the full radiation pattern. Furthermore, theoretical analysis using Golden ratio spiral predicts that there are more Schumann resonances in high frequency forward-backward peaking radiation pattern of relativistic particle than low frequency dipole radiation pattern.