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Impact of Antarctic meltwater forcing on East Asian climate under greenhouse warming
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  • Jong-Seong Kug,
  • Ji-hoon Oh,
  • Wonsun Park,
  • Hyung-Gyu Lim,
  • Kyung Min Noh,
  • Kyung Jin
Jong-Seong Kug

Corresponding Author:jskug1@gmail.com

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Ji-hoon Oh
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Wonsun Park
GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel
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Hyung-Gyu Lim
Pohang University of Science and Technology
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Kyung Min Noh
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Kyung Jin
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In recent decades, Antarctic ice-sheet/shelf melting has been accelerated, releasing freshwater into the Southern Ocean. It has been suggested that the meltwater flux could lead to cooling in the Southern Hemisphere, which would retard global warming and further induce a northward shift of the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). In this study, we use experimental ensemble climate simulations to show that Antarctic meltwater forcing has distinct regional climate impacts over the globe, leading in particular to regional warming in East Asia. It is suggested that Antarctic meltwater forcing leads to a negative precipitation anomaly in the Western North Pacific (WNP) via cooling in the tropics and the northward shift of the ITCZ. This suppressed convection in WNP induces an anticyclonic flow over the North Pacific, which leads to regional warming in East Asia. This hypothesis is supported by analyses of inter-ensemble spread and long-term control simulations.