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ChinaSpec: a network for long-term in situ measurements of solar-induced fluorescence and reflectance in China
  • +14
  • Yongguang Zhang,
  • Qian Zhang,
  • Liangyun Liu,
  • Wang Shao-qiang,
  • Weimin Ju,
  • Jianwu Tang,
  • Ying Huang,
  • Xudong Zhu,
  • Feng Wang,
  • Jinsong Zhang,
  • Guangsheng Zhou,
  • Li Zhou,
  • Xuguang Tang,
  • Zhaoying Zhang,
  • Bo Qiu,
  • Xiaokang Zhang,
  • Songhan Wang
Yongguang Zhang
Nanjing University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Qian Zhang
Nanjing University
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Liangyun Liu
Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth
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Wang Shao-qiang
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
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Weimin Ju
Internation Institute of Earth Sysmte Science
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Jianwu Tang
Marine Biological Laboratory
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Ying Huang
State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research, East China Normal University
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Xudong Zhu
Xiamen University
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Feng Wang
Institute of Desertification Studies, Chinese Academy of Forestry
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Jinsong Zhang
Research Institute of Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry
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Guangsheng Zhou
nstitute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences
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Li Zhou
State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Science,
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Xuguang Tang
Southwest University
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Zhaoying Zhang
Nanjing University
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Bo Qiu
Nanjing University
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Xiaokang Zhang
Nanjing University
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Songhan Wang
International Institute for Earth System Sciences,Nanjing University
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Remotely sensed solar-induced fluorescence (SIF) has emerged as a novel approach for terrestrial vegetation monitoring. The in situ continuous optical remote sensing tool in conjunction with concurrent eddy covariance (EC) flux measurements provides a new opportunity to advance terrestrial ecosystem science. Here we introduce a network of ground-based SIF observations at flux tower sites across the mainland China referred as ChinaSpec. Until now, it consists of 15 tower sites including 5 cropland sites, 4 grassland sites, 4 forest sites and 2 wetland sites. At each of these sites, an automated spectroscopy system was deployed to collect continuous super-high resolution spectra for high-frequency SIF retrievals in synergy with EC flux measurements. The goal of ChinaSpec is to provide ground SIF measurements and promote the collaborations between optical remote sensing and EC flux communities in China. We present here the details of instrument specifications, data collection and processing procedures, data sharing and utilization protocols, and future plans. Furthermore, we show the examples how ground SIF observations can be used to track vegetation photosynthesis from diurnal to seasonal scales, to assist in the validation of fluorescence models and satellite SIF products (e.g., from OCO-2, TanSat and TROPOMI) with the measurements from these sites since 2016. This network of SIF observations could improve our understanding of the controls on the biosphere-atmosphere carbon exchange and enable the improvement of carbon flux predictions. This SIF network will also help integrate ground SIF measurements with EC flux networks which will advance ecosystem and carbon cycle researches globally.