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Lateral migration patterns toward or away from injection wells for earthquake clusters in Oklahoma
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  • José-Ángel López-Comino,
  • martin galis,
  • P. Martin Mai,
  • Xiaowei Chen,
  • Daniel Stich
José-Ángel López-Comino
KAUST, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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martin galis
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P. Martin Mai
King Abdullah University of Science & Technology
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Xiaowei Chen
University of Oklahoma
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Daniel Stich
Universidad de Granada
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Exploring the connections between injection wells and seismic migration patterns is key to understanding processes controlling growth of fluid-injection induced seismicity. Numerous seismic clusters in Oklahoma have been associated with wastewater disposal operations, providing a unique opportunity to investigate migration directions of each cluster with respect to the injection-well locations. We introduce new directivity migration parameters to identify and quantify lateral migration toward or away from the injection wells. We take into account cumulative volume and injection rate from multiple injection wells. Our results suggest a relationship between migration patterns and the cluster-well distances, and unclear relationship with injected volume and equivalent magnitudes. Migration away from injection wells is found for distances shorter than 5-13 km, while an opposite migration towards the wells is observed for larger distances, suggesting an increasing influence of poroelastic stress changes. This finding is more stable when considering cumulative injected volume instead of injection rate.