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Ground and space signatures of VLF noise suppression by whistlers
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  • David R. Shklyar,
  • Jyrki Manninen,
  • Elena E Titova,
  • Ondrej Santolík,
  • Ivana Kolmašová,
  • Tauno Turunen
David R. Shklyar
Space Research Institute
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Jyrki Manninen
Sodankyla Geophysical Observatory

Corresponding Author:jyrki.manninen@oulu.fi

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Elena E Titova
Polar Geophysical Institute
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Ondrej Santolík
Department of Space Physics, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, The Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic
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Ivana Kolmašová
Department of Space Physics, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, The Czech Academy of Sciences
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Tauno Turunen
Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory
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VLF spectrograms registered at Kannuslehto ground station, after cleaning them from strong sferics, reveal VLF noise suppression by whistlers and whistler echo trains, which consists in significant reduction in the noise spectral power after a strong whistler event. We have found similar effect in the VLF data from Van Allen Probe B taken in the equatorial region on L-shell ~ 3. Detailed analysis of the data shows that the whistler echo train as well as the VLF noise have small wave normal angles. Based on this observation, we limit our analysis to parallel (ducted) whistler wave propagation. The persistence of whistler echo train as well as the VLF noise suggests that in the events under discussion, plasma is unstable in the frequency range corresponding to the observed VLF noise band. In an attempt to explain the effect of VLF noise suppression, we follow up the long-standing idea that relates this effect to the reduction of free energy in the unstable plasma distribution by whistler echo train. To develop this idea into qualitative model, we have studied the motion of energetic electrons, responsible for the noise generation, in the field of ducted whistler echo train. We show that energetic electrons that make the main contribution to the growth rate of VLF noise, during their bounce oscillations in the magnetosphere are subject to multiple resonant impacts from the whistler echo train. These lead to energetic electron diffusion in the phase space, and the corresponding reduction in free energy of the unstable distribution.
Feb 2020Published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics volume 125 issue 2. 10.1029/2019JA027430